Supporting the Nation's Judicial System & the Public it Serves

Priority Investment Areas

Each fiscal year, SJI allocates significant financial resources to support its Priority Investment Areas. For FY 2020, the Priority Investment Areas are the following listed below in no specific order.

The Priority Investment Areas are applicable to all grant types. SJI strongly encourages potential grant applicants to consider projects addressing one or more of these Priority Investment Areas.

Opioids and the State Courts Response

SJI is supporting a comprehensive strategy for responding to the challenges facing state courts in addressing the national opioid crisis. The National Judicial Opioid Task Force is documenting current responses and developing effective solutions; identifying and addressing the impact on children, with specific emphasis on foster care/orphans, and child placement across state borders; establishing mechanisms for engaging justice system partners; providing immediate tools for use in the state courts, including treatment alternatives and assistance to establish local interdisciplinary treatment/care teams; and promoting information-sharing and collaboration at both the state and federal level, with a focus on strengthening Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs (PDMPs).

Human Trafficking Issues and the State Courts

Through the Human Trafficking and the State Courts Collaborative, SJI is addressing the impact of federal and state human trafficking laws on the state courts, and the challenges faced by state courts in dealing with cases involving trafficking victims and their families. These efforts are intended to empower state courts to identify victims, link them with vital services, and hold traffickers accountable.

Guardianship, Conservatorship, and Elder Issues

SJI is assisting the courts in improving their oversight responsibilities through visitor programs, electronic reporting, and training. SJI supported the development of an electronic conservator­ship monitoring program, which is currently being adapted by other states. SJI recently provided support to develop a parallel guardianship monitoring program, with goal of adaption in other states.

Juvenile Justice Reform

SJI is supporting innova­tive projects that have no other existing or potential funding sources (federal, state, or private) that will advance best practices in handling depen­dency and delinquency cases, including cases involving special populations such as military families.  These projects promote effective court oversight of juveniles in the justice system; address the impact of trauma on juvenile behavior; assist the courts in identification of appropriate provision of services for juveniles; and address juvenile re-entry.

Reengineering to Improve Court Operations

SJI continues to assist state courts with the process of reengineering, regionalization or centralization of services, and structural changes while providing access to justice. This includes the innovative use of remote technology to improve the business operations of the courts, and provide for the transaction of court hearings without an appearance in a physical courtroom.

Fines, Fees, and Bail Practices

SJI is assisting state courts in taking a leadership role in reviewing fines, fees, and bail practices to ensure processes are fair and access to justice is assured; implementing alternative forms of sanction; developing processes for indigency review; and transparency, gover­nance, and structural reforms that promote access to justice, accountability, and oversight. Projects that address this Priority Investment Area are informing the work of the CCJ/COSCA National Task Force on Fines, Fees, and Bail Practices.

Family and Civil Justice Reform

Americans deserve a civil legal process that fairly and promptly resolves disputes for everyone. Runaway costs, delays, and complexity are denying people and businesses the justice they seek.  SJI is promoting court-based solutions to address increases in self-represented litigants, including domestic relations cases which are overwhelming court dockets.  Specific focus is on making courts more user-friendly to individuals, families, and businesses, and implementing the recommendations of the Family Justice Initiative and the Civil Justice Initiative.

Self-Represented Litigation

SJI is promoting court-based solutions to address increases in self-represented litigants; specifically making courts more user-friendly by simplifying court forms, providing one-on-one assistance, developing guides, handbooks, and instructions on how to proceed, develop­ing court-based self-help centers, and using Internet technologies to increase access. These projects are improv­ing outcomes for litigants and saving valuable court resources.

Language Access

SJI is improving language access in the state courts through remote interpretation (outside the courtroom), interpreter training and certification, courtroom services (plain language forms, websites, etc.), and addressing the requirements of Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act.

Emergency Preparedness and Cybersecurity

State courts must be prepared for both man-made and natural disasters, pandemics, and other threats.  In addition, the increase in cyberattacks on court operations is impacting the ability to provide access to the courts.  SJI is interested in supporting projects that address these areas, including innovative approaches to ensuring courts are prepared to respond to disasters and attacks on electronic systems. Beyond physical security of courthouses, SJI will assist the state courts in preparing for, and responding to, the increase in natural disasters (such as hurricanes, earthquakes, and wildfires), and man-made disasters including denial of service and ransomware attacks on court case management systems, websites, and other critical information technology infrastructure.

FY 2020 Budget Request to Congress

FY 2020 SJI Budget Request